Aliénor d'Aquitaine | Aurell, Martin | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Höre Aliénor d'Aquitaine gratis | Hörbuch von Michel Datcharry, gelesen von Fabienne Prost | 30 Tage kostenlos | Jetzt GRATIS das Hörbuch herunterladen | Im. Eleonore von Aquitanien (okzitanisch Aleonòr d'Aquitània, französisch Aliénor oder Éléonore d'Aquitaine; auch Éléonore de Guyenne; * um in Poitiers im.
Eleonore von AquitanienHöre Aliénor d'Aquitaine gratis | Hörbuch von Michel Datcharry, gelesen von Fabienne Prost | 30 Tage kostenlos | Jetzt GRATIS das Hörbuch herunterladen | Im. Les Presses Universitaires de France et Frémeaux & Associés proposent cette biographie d'Aliénor d'Aquitaine, analysée et expliquée par Martin Aurell. Eleonore von Aquitanien (okzitanisch Aleonòr d'Aquitània, französisch Aliénor oder Éléonore d'Aquitaine; auch Éléonore de Guyenne; * um in Poitiers im.
Aliénor DAquitaine Offre de formation VideoL’incroyable destin d’Aliénor d’Aquitaine - Les Odyssées, l'histoire pour les 7 à 12 ans Später entstandene Berichte über den Kreuzzug behaupten in Missachtung der Hauptquellen, dass es die mit der Vorhut reisende Eleonore war, die Gottfried von Rancon veranlasst habe, anders als befohlen zu handeln. Voraussichtlich innerhalb von Werktagen eintreffen. Windows Treiber Aktualisieren Kostenlos Vater verzichtete darauf, seinem ältesten Netflix App For Windows 10 auch nur einen Teil der Regierungsverantwortung zu übertragen.
The Last of the Starks Converse Selbst Gestalten sich an einen Aliénor DAquitaine Rundumschlag - und bietet hierbei ein bisschen was von allem. - Melden Sie sich an für unseren NewsletterEr argumentiert, dass eine weitere Erklärung für die Rückkehr New Girl Netflix nach Aquitanien in ihrem Wunsch bestanden haben könnte, ihren ererbten Herrschaftsanspruch in Aquitanien selbst auszuüben und auch die Nachfolge dieses Herzogtums in ihrem Sinne zu regeln.
According to feudal customs, Eleanor then regained possession of Aquitaine, and two months later she married the grandson of Henry I of England, Henry Plantagenet, count of Anjou and duke of Normandy.
In he became, as Henry II , king of England, with the result that England, Normandy , and the west of France were united under his rule.
Eleanor had only two daughters by Louis VII, but to her new husband she bore five sons and three daughters.
The sons were William, who died at the age of three; Henry; Richard , the Lionheart; Geoffrey, duke of Brittany; and John , surnamed Lackland until, having outlived all his brothers, he inherited, in , the crown of England.
The daughters were Matilda , who married Henry the Lion , duke of Saxony and Bavaria ; Eleanor, who married Alfonso VIII , king of Castile; and Joan, who married successively William II , king of Sicily, and Raymond VI , count of Toulouse.
During her childbearing years, she participated actively in the administration of the realm and even more actively in the management of her own domains.
She was instrumental in turning the court of Poitiers , then frequented by the most famous troubadours of the time, into a centre of poetry and a model of courtly life and manners.
The revolt of her sons against her husband in put her cultural activities to a brutal end. The revolt failed, and Eleanor was captured while seeking refuge in the kingdom of her first husband, Louis VII.
Her semi-imprisonment in England ended only with the death of Henry II in On her release, Eleanor played a greater political role than ever before.
In Richard died without leaving an heir to the throne, and John was crowned king. Eleanor, nearly 80 years old, fearing the disintegration of the Plantagenet domain, crossed the Pyrenees in in order to fetch her granddaughter Blanche from the court of Castile and marry her to the son of the French king.
By this marriage she hoped to ensure peace between the Plantagenets of England and the Capetian kings of France.
In John was again in her debt for holding Mirebeau against Arthur, until John, coming to her relief, was able to take him prisoner.
She died in at the monastery at Fontevrault , Anjou, where she had retired after the campaign at Mirebeau. Her contribution to England extended beyond her own lifetime; after the loss of Normandy , it was her own ancestral lands and not the old Norman territories that remained loyal to England.
She has been misjudged by many French historians who have noted only her youthful frivolity, ignoring the tenacity, political wisdom, and energy that characterized the years of her maturity.
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A bitter feud arose between the king and Thomas Becket , initially his chancellor and closest adviser and later the archbishop of Canterbury.
Louis of France had remarried and been widowed; he married for the third time and finally fathered a long-hoped-for son, Philip Augustus, also known as Dieudonne—God-given.
Little is known of Eleanor's involvement in these events. It is certain that by late , Henry's notorious affair with Rosamund Clifford had become known, and Eleanor's marriage to Henry appears to have become terminally strained.
In , Eleanor's third daughter, Matilda, married Henry the Lion of Saxony. Eleanor remained in England with her daughter for the year prior to Matilda's departure for Normandy in September.
In December, Eleanor gathered her movable possessions in England and transported them on several ships to Argentan. Christmas was celebrated at the royal court there, and she appears to have agreed to a separation from Henry.
She certainly left for her own city of Poitiers immediately after Christmas. Henry did not stop her; on the contrary, he and his army personally escorted her there before attacking a castle belonging to the rebellious Lusignan family.
Henry then went about his own business outside Aquitaine, leaving Earl Patrick, his regional military commander, as her protective custodian.
When Patrick was killed in a skirmish, Eleanor, who proceeded to ransom his captured nephew, the young William Marshal , was left in control of her lands.
Of all her influence on culture, Eleanor's time in Poitiers between and was perhaps the most critical, yet very little is known about it.
Henry II was elsewhere, attending to his own affairs after escorting Eleanor there. It may have been largely to teach manners, something the French courts would be known for in later generations.
Yet the existence and reasons for this court are debated. In The Art of Courtly Love , Andreas Capellanus , Andrew the chaplain, refers to the court of Poitiers.
He claims that Eleanor, her daughter Marie, Ermengarde, Viscountess of Narbonne , and Isabelle of Flanders would sit and listen to the quarrels of lovers and act as a jury to the questions of the court that revolved around acts of romantic love.
He records some twenty-one cases, the most famous of them being a problem posed to the women about whether true love can exist in marriage.
According to Capellanus, the women decided that it was not at all likely. Some scholars believe that the "court of love" probably never existed since the only evidence for it is Andreas Capellanus' book.
To strengthen their argument, they state that there is no other evidence that Marie ever stayed with her mother in Poitiers. Polly Schroyer Brooks, the author of a non-academic biography of Eleanor, suggests that the court did exist, but that it was not taken very seriously, and that acts of courtly love were just a "parlour game" made up by Eleanor and Marie in order to place some order over the young courtiers living there.
There is no claim that Eleanor invented courtly love, for it was a concept that had begun to grow before Eleanor's court arose. All that can be said is that her court at Poitiers was most likely a catalyst for the increased popularity of courtly love literature in the Western European regions.
In March , aggrieved at his lack of power and egged on by Henry's enemies, his son by the same name, the younger Henry, launched the Revolt of — He fled to Paris.
From there, "the younger Henry, devising evil against his father from every side by the advice of the French king, went secretly into Aquitaine where his two youthful brothers, Richard and Geoffrey, were living with their mother, and with her connivance, so it is said, he incited them to join him.
Sometime between the end of March and the beginning of May, Eleanor left Poitiers, but was arrested and sent to the king at Rouen.
The king did not announce the arrest publicly; for the next year, the queen's whereabouts were unknown.
On 8 July , Henry and Eleanor took ship for England from Barfleur. As soon as they disembarked at Southampton , Eleanor was taken either to Winchester Castle or Sarum Castle and held there.
Eleanor was imprisoned for the next 16 years, much of the time in various locations in England. During her imprisonment, Eleanor became more and more distant from her sons, especially from Richard, who had always been her favourite.
She did not have the opportunity to see her sons very often during her imprisonment, though she was released for special occasions such as Christmas.
About four miles from Shrewsbury and close by Haughmond Abbey is "Queen Eleanor's Bower", the remains of a triangular castle which is believed to have been one of her prisons.
Henry lost the woman reputed to be his great love, Rosamund Clifford , in He had met her in and had begun their liaison in , supposedly contemplating divorce from Eleanor.
This notorious affair caused a monkish scribe to transcribe Rosamund's name in Latin to "Rosa Immundi", or "Rose of Unchastity".
The king had many mistresses, but although he treated earlier liaisons discreetly, he flaunted Rosamund. He may have done so to provoke Eleanor into seeking an annulment, but if so, the queen disappointed him.
Nevertheless, rumours persisted, perhaps assisted by Henry's camp, that Eleanor had poisoned Rosamund. It is also speculated that Eleanor placed Rosamund in a bathtub and had an old woman cut Rosamund's arms.
In , the young King Henry tried again to force his father to hand over some of his patrimony. In debt and refused control of Normandy, he tried to ambush his father at Limoges.
He was joined by troops sent by his brother Geoffrey and Philip II of France. Henry II's troops besieged the town, forcing his son to flee.
After wandering aimlessly through Aquitaine, Henry the Younger caught dysentery. On Saturday, 11 June , the young king realized he was dying and was overcome with remorse for his sins.
When his father's ring was sent to him, he begged that his father would show mercy to his mother, and that all his companions would plead with Henry to set her free.
Henry II sent Thomas of Earley, Archdeacon of Wells , to break the news to Eleanor at Sarum. In , she would tell Pope Celestine III that she was tortured by his memory.
King Philip II of France claimed that certain properties in Normandy belonged to his half-sister Margaret, widow of the young Henry, but Henry insisted that they had once belonged to Eleanor and would revert to her upon her son's death.
For this reason Henry summoned Eleanor to Normandy in the late summer of She stayed in Normandy for six months. This was the beginning of a period of greater freedom for the still-supervised Eleanor.
Eleanor went back to England probably early in Upon the death of her husband Henry II on 6 July , Richard I was the undisputed heir.
One of his first acts as king was to send William Marshal to England with orders to release Eleanor from prison; he found upon his arrival that her custodians had already released her.
She ruled England in Richard's name, signing herself "Eleanor, by the grace of God, Queen of England. Between and , Richard was absent from England, engaged in the Third Crusade from to and then held in captivity by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
Although Eleanor held no formal office in England during this period, she arrived in England in the company of Coutances in June , and for the remainder of Richard's absence, she exercised a considerable degree of influence over the affairs of England as well as the conduct of Prince John.
Eleanor survived Richard and lived well into the reign of her youngest son, King John. John instructed his mother to travel to Castile to select one of the princesses.
Now 77, Eleanor set out from Poitiers. Eleanor secured her freedom by agreeing to his demands. She continued south, crossed the Pyrenees, and travelled through the kingdoms of Navarre and Castile, arriving in Castile before the end of January Eleanor's daughter, Queen Eleanor of Castile, had two remaining unmarried daughters, Urraca and Blanche.
Eleanor selected the younger daughter, Blanche. She stayed for two months at the Castilian court, then late in March journeyed with granddaughter Blanche back across the Pyrenees.
She celebrated Easter in Bordeaux, where the famous warrior Mercadier came to her court. It was decided that he would escort the queen and princess north.
This tragedy was too much for the elderly queen, who was fatigued and unable to continue to Normandy. She and Blanche rode in easy stages to the valley of the Loire, and she entrusted Blanche to the archbishop of Bordeaux, who took over as her escort.
The exhausted Eleanor went to Fontevraud , where she remained. In early summer, Eleanor was ill, and John visited her at Fontevraud.
Eleanor was again unwell in early When war broke out between John and Philip, Eleanor declared her support for John and set out from Fontevraud to her capital Poitiers to prevent her grandson Arthur I, Duke of Brittany , posthumous son of Eleanor's son Geoffrey and John's rival for the English throne, from taking control.
Arthur learned of her whereabouts and besieged her in the castle of Mirebeau. As soon as John heard of this, he marched south, overcame the besiegers, and captured the year-old Arthur, and probably his sister Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany , whom Eleanor had raised with Richard.
Eleanor then returned to Fontevraud where she took the veil as a nun. Eleanor died in and was entombed in Fontevraud Abbey next to her husband Henry and her son Richard.
Her tomb effigy shows her reading a Bible and is decorated with magnificent jewellery. By the time of her death she had outlived all of her children except for King John of England and Queen Eleanor of Castile.
Contemporary sources praise Eleanor's beauty. When she was around 30, Bernard de Ventadour , a noted troubadour, called her "gracious, lovely, the embodiment of charm," extolling her "lovely eyes and noble countenance" and declaring that she was "one meet to crown the state of any king.
In spite of all these words of praise, no one left a more detailed description of Eleanor; the colour of her hair and eyes, for example, are unknown.
The effigy on her tomb shows a tall and large-boned woman with brown skin, though this may not be an accurate representation.
Her seal of c. Judy Chicago 's artistic installation The Dinner Party features a place setting for Eleanor,  and she was portrayed by Frederick Sandys in his painting, Queen Eleanor.
Henry and Eleanor are the main characters in James Goldman 's play The Lion in Winter , which was made into a film in starring Peter O'Toole as Henry and Katharine Hepburn in the role of Eleanor, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role and was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress—Motion Picture Drama.
Jean Plaidy 's novel The Courts of Love , fifth in the 'Queens of England' series, is a fictionalised autobiography of Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Also Norah Lofts wrote a fictionalized biography of her, entitled is various editions Queen in Waiting or Eleanor the Queen and including some romanticized episodes - starting off with the young Eleanor planning to elope with a young knight - who is killed out of hand by her guardian, in order to facilitate her marriage to the King's son.
The character Queen Elinor appears in William Shakespeare 's The Life and Death of King John , with other members of the family.
On television, she has been portrayed in this play by Una Venning in the BBC Sunday Night Theatre version and by Mary Morris in the BBC Shakespeare version Eleanor features in the novel Via Crucis by F.
Marion Crawford. In Sharon Kay Penman 's Plantagenet novels, she figures prominently in When Christ and His Saints Slept , Time and Chance , and Devil's Brood , and also appears in Lionheart and A King's Ransom , both of which focus on the reign of her son, Richard, as king of England.
Eleanor also appears briefly in the first novel of Penman's Welsh trilogy, Here Be Dragons. In Penman's historical mysteries, Eleanor, as Richard's regent, sends squire Justin de Quincy on various missions, often an investigation of a situation involving Prince John.
The four published mysteries are the Queen's Man , Cruel as the Grave , Dragon's Lair , and Prince of Darkness. Eleanor is the subject of A Proud Taste for Scarlet and Miniver , a children's novel by E.
Historical fiction author Elizabeth Chadwick wrote a three-volume series about Eleanor: The Summer Queen , The Winter Crown and The Autumn Throne She has also been introduced in The Royal Diaries series in the book "Crown Jewel of Aquitaine" by Kristiana Gregory.
Eleanor has featured in a number of screen versions of the Ivanhoe and Robin Hood stories. She was portrayed by Lynda Bellingham in the BBC series Robin Hood.
Most recently, she was portrayed by Eileen Atkins in Robin Hood. In the film Becket , Eleanor is briefly played by Pamela Brown to Peter O'Toole 's first performance as a young Henry II.
In the film The Lion in Winter , Eleanor is played by Katharine Hepburn , who won the third of her four Academy Awards for Best Actress for her portrayal, and Henry again is portrayed by O'Toole.
The film is about the difficult relationship between them and the struggle of their three sons Richard, Geoffrey, and John for their father's favour and the succession.
In the television film The Lion in Winter , Eleanor was played by Glenn Close alongside Patrick Stewart as Henry.
She was portrayed by Mary Clare in the silent film Becket , by Prudence Hyman in Richard the Lionheart , and twice by Jane Lapotaire in the BBC TV drama series The Devil's Crown and again in Mike Walker 's BBC Radio 4 series Plantagenet In the film Richard the Lionheart: Rebellion , Eleanor is played by Debbie Rochon.
Eleanor of Aquitaine is thought to be the queen of England mentioned in the poem "Were diu werlt alle min," used as the tenth movement of Carl Orff 's famous cantata , Carmina Burana.
Flower and Hawk is a monodrama for soprano and orchestra, written by American composer, Carlisle Floyd that premiered in , in which the soprano Eleanor of Aquitaine relives past memories of her time as queen, and at the end of the monodrama, hears the bells that toll for Henry II's death, and in turn, her freedom.
In the video game expansion Civilization VI: Gathering Storm , Eleanor is a playable leader for the English and French civilizations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Duchess of Aquitaine. Eleanor's effigy at Fontevraud Abbey. Fontevraud Abbey , Fontevraud.
Louis VII of France. Henry II of England. Marie, Countess of Champagne Alix, Countess of Blois William IX, Count of Poitiers Henry the Young King Matilda, Duchess of Saxony Richard I, King of England Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany Eleanor, Queen of Castile Joan, Queen of Sicily John, King of England.
Berry, senior archivist at the Somerset Archive and Record Service, identified this "archdeacon of Wells" as Thomas of Earley, noting his family ties to Henry II and the Earleys' philanthropies.
World Monarchies and Dynasties. Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved 6 August Firaxis Games. Retrieved 18 February Aurell, Martin The Plantagenet Empire, — Andreas Capellanus, The Art of Courtly Love.
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Toronto, Ontario: Shillington Press. Hodgson, Natasha Women, Crusading and the Holy Land in Historical Narrative. Horton, Ros; Simmons, Sally Women Who Changed the World.
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An Australasian journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies. Siberry, Elizabeth The New Crusaders: Images of the Crusades in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries.
Swabey, Fiona Eleanor of Aquitaine, Courtly Love, and the Troubadours. Turner, Ralph V. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen of France, Queen of England.
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Wheeler, Bonnie; Parsons, John C. Palgrave Macmillan. House of Poitiers. Queens and empresses of France. English royal consorts.
Counts of Poitiers. Categories : English royal consorts births deaths 12th-century French people 13th-century French people 12th-century English people 13th-century English people 12th-century French women 13th-century French women 12th-century English women 13th-century English women 12th-century viceregal rulers 12th-century women rulers 13th-century women rulers Women in 12th-century warfare French queens consort Countesses of Anjou Countesses of Maine Counts of Poitiers Duchesses of Normandy Dukes of Gascony Duchesses of Aquitaine House of Poitiers Patrons of literature Christians of the Second Crusade People from Aquitaine Regents of England Burials at Fontevraud Abbey Henry II of England Women in medieval European warfare Robin Hood characters Women in war in the Middle East Remarried royal consorts.
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What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Wikidata item.In the ensuing battle Prosieben Tv-Sendungen Mount Cadmusthe Turks, who had been following and feinting for many days, seized Externe Festplatte Nicht Erkannt opportunity and attacked those who Schwarzwaldklinik Sendetermine not yet crossed the summit. No way. Louis became involved in a war with Count Theobald by permitting Raoul I, Count of Vermandois and seneschal of France, to repudiate his wife Eleanor of BloisTheobald's sister, and to marry Petronilla of AquitaineEleanor's sister.